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You’ve been hurt by a doctor who was treating your illness, and now you want to know all about personal injury laws and what you can claim for compensation. There are several things you need to know. First of all, a personal injury case is a legal dispute where you are trying to hold someone else responsible for your injury. You may head to court over it, or the case may be settled with a settlement that both parties can agree on.

The complaint, called a civil complaint, has to be filed by the individual who believes he or she was wronged, no matter the circumstances. You might also consider a medical malpractice lawsuit as part of a personal injury claim. At that point, proving negligence, discussing proof and showing a cause for the actions that caused harm is important. Most of the time, injury-related lawsuits are settled through an informal settlement. Settlements are usually negotiated, then a formal agreement is signed by both parties and the injured party receiving a sum of money or other action as requested by the agreement.

In many states, there is a statute of limitations in place, so you can’t file a lawsuit after a certain length of time has passed after your injury. For instance, if you tripped and hurt yourself on a sidewalk 9 years ago, you’d be hard-pressed to find any judge who would grant you a settlement for the injury.

The statute of limitations can vary from state to state, so it’s important to understand where you stand legally in Ohio. Ask someone who is familiar with personal injury law, because they will be versed in the new legislation in your area.