What information must be in a patient’s medical record? The Ohio
Supreme Court will soon decide a case on the matter.

Patients are afforded certain rights under the law. One of those rights
is access to medical records kept by the hospital or doctor. However,
a recent decision handed down by the Ohio Court of Appeals threw into
confusion just what information a hospital must reveal to patients when
sued for medical malpractice. The case arose when an Ohio patient died
in 2012 while in the hospital after being placed on a cardiac monitor.
He was found dead a week after entering the hospital with the leads to
his cardiac monitor detached. It was not clear when the leads became detached
and why no hospital staff reattached the monitor.

During discovery – the portion of a lawsuit where each side gathers
documents and prepares for trial – the patient’s daughter
asked the hospital for complete medical records, including monitoring
strips of her father’s vital signs the morning he died. The hospital
argued that this data was not part of the patient’s “permanent
medical record” because the hospital did not keep this in its “medical
records” department. Instead, the hospital placed the EKG information
in its “risk management” department. The hospital argued that
since it did not consider this information relevant to the patient’s
case it did not have to produce it.

The trial court agreed with the hospital, as did the Ohio Court of Appeals
in a 2-1 decision. As the judge who disagreed with the decision noted,
“I am concerned that the majority’s opinion could lead to
the concealment, even though unintended, of medical records if a health
care provider can self-define . . . . records it determines to send to
its medical records department.” In other words, if hospitals can
determine on their own what is and is not a medical record, it could lead
to the destruction of evidence that would be relevant to medical malpractice lawsuits.

Supreme Court to Weigh in

The Supreme Court of Ohio has agreed to review this significant and controversial
case in October and will soon hear oral arguments. A final decision on
the issue will not come for some time.

Because the outcome could have a large influence on future medical malpractice
cases in Ohio, numerous interested parties have submitted “friend
of the court” briefs to argue on behalf of both sides in the case.
The decision by the state’s highest court could have far-reaching
consequences.

Why It Matters to Ohio Patients

Doctors are rightfully respected in society. However, doctors and hospitals
are not perfect; they make mistakes, sometimes bad mistakes. Unfortunately,
when hospital staff, doctors, and other medical professionals make mistakes,
it can lead to tragic and severe consequences for patients. The law allows
patients who suffered from medical negligence the ability to
file a lawsuit in order to get help with additional medical costs, lost wages, pain and
suffering, and other damages associated with medical negligence.

As this case demonstrates, however, bringing a medical malpractice lawsuit
is not an easy thing to do. Bringing a successful medical malpractice
case requires a knowledgeable attorney familiar with bringing claims against
hospitals and doctors. Part of that experience is knowing how to obtain
expert testimony by other medical professionals, patient records, and
other information relevant and helpful to a patient’s claim.

At Lancione & Lancione, LLC, our attorneys have extensive experience
helping patients and their families recover in the wake of serious, preventable
medical injuries. If you or a loved one has suffered from medical negligence,
contact our firm right away to discuss bringing a claim.