Birth trauma is defined as injuries to an infant resulting from mechanical
forces during the birthing process. Things like being compressed, facing
traction, or being injured by medical tools can all count as types of
birth trauma. Because of the varied ways a child can be injured during
birth, not all trauma will have been caused by negligence.
Fewer than 2 percent of all deaths and stillbirths of newborns are a result
of birth injuries in the United States. What that amounts to is around
six to eight injuries per 1,000. Larger babies are at a higher risk of
these injuries due to their sizes during a vaginal delivery, which is
why many large babies are delivered via C-section.
For the most part, when your child suffers a birth injury, it’s going
to limit itself and heal. For example, many babies break their collarbones
during delivery due to the force of being pushed through the birth canal.
Other injuries, like a lack of oxygen to the brain due a failure to operate
on time, could be permanent and result in life-long problems.
Birth trauma may also be due to resuscitation. There are times when children
are born unwell or are not breathing. In those cases, doctors and nurses
may have to take extraordinary measures to save the child, and injuries
could result. After this kind of incident, it’s important for doctors
and nurses to evaluate your child and to assess the cranial nerves, the
child’s range of motion, and to check his or her scalp and skull’s
integrity, as fractures or other problems could result.